The seller and exporter are responsible for the carriage of goods to the nominated destination and have to pay freight up the first carrier. Indian import and export business is increasing and for that, there is a need to understand international trade. Because of this reason, it is important to understand the terms given by the international chamber of commerce.

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If you want to know what is the meaning of FOB price and what is the importance of FOB price in import-export. Most reputable sellers will allow you to return an item if it arrives damaged or if there are any other problems with it. But it’s always best to know upfront what the policy is so that you can avoid any surprises down the road. It’s important to note that FOB terms can vary depending on the location of the shipment.

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FOB helps to clarify the terms of the sale and the responsibilities of the buyer and seller in the shipping process, which can help to avoid misunderstandings and disputes. FOB is used by a wide range of businesses and organizations, including manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, and retailers. It is also used by government agencies and other organizations involved in the regulation of international trade. Last year, he signed a deal with a buyer located in New York. As per the deal, Rajesh has to sell goods to the buyer on a FOB basis. Here, the seller meets all the expenditures incurred in transporting the goods to Delhi port.

Insurance :

The buyer will assume the responsibility once the goods have been successfully loaded at the point of origin. Please read ourTerms of UseandPrivacy Policybefore you use thisExport Import DataDirectory. Seeks to exempt the excisable goods, namely Petrol, Diesel and Aviation Turbine Fuel from Special Additional Excise Duty and Road and Infrastructure Cess when exported from units located in the Special Economic Zones .

  • You don’t want to be waiting for weeks or even months for your purchase to arrive.
  • It’s crucial for all parties to have a clear understanding of the specifics of the FOB terms to know who would be responsible in case of unforeseen events.
  • The full form of FOB price is Free On Board, in short FOB, is a term frequently used in shipping terms where the seller quotes a price including the cost of delivering goods to the nearest port.
  • With FOB, the buyers can get insurance since they are responsible for the goods.
  • Inco Terms for movement of goods is revised as Incoterms 2020.

If the FOB point is at the port of shipment, the seller is responsible for getting the goods to the port and the buyer is responsible for paying the freight costs and any other transportation costs from the port to their destination. Here, the seller has the liability to pay for warehouse services, loading from the place of origin, inland transportation, custom, and terminal charges and loading the goods in the vessel. After the loading, freight charges, insurance, loading and unloading, transportation, customs clearance, import duties, and taxes shall be borne by the buyer. Company A, a manufacturer in China, wants to sell a shipment of goods to Company B, a retailer in the United States.

FOB Shipping Point versus FOB Destination

Yes, FOB includes costs involved in shipping goods from one point to another. FOB ValueRs.1,00,000FreightRs.20,000CIF ValueRs.1,40,000Since many a times the exporter is in a position to bargain the freight amount with the airlines or the shipping lines, it also jacks up the freight element to make extra profits. Freight, unloading costs, and the price as quoted in the contract has to be paid by the buyer. The buyer is responsible to take delivery at a nominated place and pays the expenses for unloading of goods. The seller is responsible to make the goods available to the buyer at his risk and cost as promised by the buyer. All the Taxes and duty on importation is promised by the buyer to the seller.

And CIF are words used in international trade when purchasing and selling cargo products delimited by an international boundary. The buyer’s inventory cost is affected by the terms of FOB; increasing liability for shipping items raises inventory costs and lowers net profitability. Destination” refers to the seller’s risk of loss until the items are delivered to the buyer.


I have some order of potato for UAE Market and I would like to know where I can get the products and shipping rate for JEBEL ALI FZ from Ex work or MUMBAI TO J ALI c&f. Where I have to get the all above information and what license I have to keep it. The most significant advantage of selecting FOB is that the buyer can negotiate for freight services and get the best price. The Buyer nominates the means of transport or shipping mode and pays the shipment charges. The Seller’s responsibility is to deliver the goods into the custody of the transporters at defined points.

Ocean fob price meaning is also important while dealing with international trade. And one should know the types of insurances are provided to the policyholder. Another problem with FOB contracts arises when the term FCA should have been used instead because goods are containerized or using more than sea or inland waterway transportation. In these situations, FOB, strictly speaking, does not apply to the contract and cannot be used.

Cud u explain the meaning of F.O.B & C.I.F. Shipment & also difference in both. This sounds similar to ‘FOB destination’, however, there is a difference between the two. 3 Hour Study Guide to Pass Entrepreneurship and management of SMEs. You have to bear all charges till the goods are on board to Airline. A key FOB is a small electronic security device with built-in authentication protocols or mechanisms to allow whoever possesses it to enter a secured network or location in order to access data or services.

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With freight allowed, the shipper pays for the cost of shipping and the receiver is responsible for any damages that occur during transit. This option is often used when shipping high-value items or when the receiver has a good relationship with the shipper. When goods are shipped using FOB terms, the seller is responsible for getting the products to the buyer. Once the products are added onto the ship, the responsibility then shifts to the buyer. This type of shipping arrangement is often used when products are being shipped internationally.

There would only be a handful of people who must be aware of the FOB meaning. This is Durai from Chennai, i have a doubt about the Incoterms, If the import invoice doesn’t have the incoterms, shall we proceed the BOE with FOB terms. Inco Terms for movement of goods is revised as Incoterms 2020.

The terms of FOB affect the buyer’s inventory cost; adding liability for shipped goods increases inventory costs and reduces net income. “FOB origin” indicates that the buyer assumes risk and ownership of the goods after the seller ships the item. The term “free on board” refers to who is responsible for items that are damaged or destroyed during delivery.

Contrary to what some may think, FOB does not mean free shipping. The seller and the buyer both decide the terms of the contract and modes of transportation. Then the buyers have the benefit of choosing and working with the one trusted company throughout the shipping process. That further ensures that they have one central point of contact for any queries or problems that may arise.

The exporter is in charge of the shipping costs till the cargo reaches the importer’s store. In this type, the importer pays for the costs of transporting goods from the exporter’s warehouse to the final destination. This term uses land transport by rail, road and inland waterways.

dry docking

You may be responsible for covering expenses before your products get on board in some cases. Once your items are on board, the rest of the trip from China is now your responsibility and expense. You are responsible for everything that occurs beyond this point. Incoterms were first published in 1936 by the International Chamber of Commerce. Incoterms 2021 is the latest iteration, with 11 terms, including FOB.

  • Is it mandatory for Supplier to buy a Insurance Policy for a FOB Origin Shipment ?
  • In this type, the importer pays for the costs of transporting goods from the exporter’s warehouse to the final destination.
  • In the given example, the seller is loading the vessel on port x and his job is done.
  • Im purchasing mobile covers from an international ecommerce site which delivers in india.
  • This is generally a good deal for the buyer, but there are a few things to keep in mind.

As there are multiple sets of rules, and legal definitions of FOB vary from nation to country, the parties to a contract must specify which set of rules will apply to a shipment. The information, product and services provided on this website are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied. Khatabook Blogs are meant purely for educational discussion of financial products and services.

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CIF vs. FOB, the only difference is the Insurance and Freight should be bough by the seller for the cargo, and then the cargo is insured. You can ask the seller to quote based on CIF if you want the cargo be safer. For the freigt of CIF, it is only the ocean freight, not including other charges like doc/ISF, Customs clearance fee, etc. If EW/Ex-factory, the buyer arrrange everything and liable for everything, or the forwarder should be responsible for it as they are paid. The Free on Board concept is used in international trade by businesses and organizations around the world to determine the point at which ownership of a shipped product is transferred from the seller to the buyer.

International Chamber of Commerce introduced the first version of Incoterms – short for “International Commercial Terms” – in 1936. Effective January 1 of 2000, the ICC once again updated Incoterms to follow the modern trends in international trade. They should now be incorporated under the reference “Incoterms 2000” into contracts that are effective from January 2000 or any date thereafter.

FOB shipping point or FOB origin states that the responsibility of goods transfer from the seller to the buyer once the goods are loaded on a delivery vehicle. Once shipping is done, all the legal responsibility of all goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer. The supplier has the sole responsibility for every aspect of the shipment until it arrives at the destination port at the buyer’s end. Additionally, the goods are insured until the goods arrive at the destination port.


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